Ernesto de Sousa Center for Multidisciplinary Studies (CEMES) Postdoctoral Curatorial Fellowship (October 2020–June 2021), Lisbon, Portugal to Gillian Sneed

At CEMES, Gillian Sneed will be involved in the research of CEMES's archives and collection for an upcoming exhibition based on the CEMES collection at Lisbon’s National Library in 2021. Sneed completed her Ph.D. in art history at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY), U.S., in 2019, where her research focused on Conceptual and avant-garde art practices of the 1960s–1980s in the Americas and the Lusophone World, with a focus on the contributions of women artists to these histories. Her dissertation examined Brazilian women’s performances, films, and videos in the 1970s and 1980s. She has taught courses on modern and contemporary art at various New York City institutions, including the New School Parsons, the City College of New York, Pace University, and the Museum of Modern Art, and she has written for many arts publications, including Flash Art International, Art in America, and Texte zur Kunst. She has also independently curated several exhibitions in New York City area galleries, including Accíones en la Calle: Street Works in New York and Latin America circa 1970 (2015), at the Amelie. A. Wallace Gallery, SUNY Old Westbury, which considered the conceptual and performative strategies used by U.S. and Latin American artists in the late 1960s and early-to-mid 1970s that rejected institutional spaces and turned to the street as the context and subject of their work.

In praise of impurities in the historiography of art: Ernesto de Sousa and the study of Portuguese sculpture

Maria Manuela Restivo, in MODOS, magazine of history of art, – volume 4 | no. 3 | september– december 2020 | ISSN: 2526-2963 267, UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINAS/ UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO DE JANEIRO In praise of impurities in the historiography of art: Ernesto de Sousa and the study of Portuguese sculpture. Abstract : This article focuses on the investigations of Ernesto de Sousa (1921-1988), artist and art theorist, around Portuguese sculpture. It is argued that the research he carried out, regarding both the aspects in which it was developed and the methodologies he used, presents evident warburguian echoes and, consequently, should be inserted in an alternative historiography of art, which is conceptualized here through the concept of impurities. Developing a different way of looking at the history of Portuguese art, based either on a different perception of historical time and on the leveling between popular art and erudite art, Ernesto de Sousa opens a new path in Portuguese artistic historiography. Keywords Ernesto de Sousa. Impurities. Folk Art. Polarization.

Loan of artworks for exhibition in Quadrum Gallery

Two drawings of Mulher-Terra-Viva by Clara Menéres fincluded in the catalogue of Alternativa Zero, were lent to the exhibition Earthkeeping/Earthshkaing, art, feminisms and ecology held at Quadrum Gallery, curtated by Giulia Lamoni & Vanessa Badagliacca (25-7-/04-10-20)

Novo Amor - The reinvention of love

Novo Amor - The reinvention of love, a project of an exhibition by curator Mark Kremer - 1st sketch -. The project was grounded in a curatorial desire to connect with Portuguese artists, via an international group exhibition in Lisbon and - ideally - a second European station, London, in between now and December 2018, 40 years after the decease of E.D. to whom the project was dedicated. It took as its point of departure the toughts and imaginings of Ernesto de Sousa on the subject of love, and the reinvention of love - ideas that date back to the 60's and were revisited over time by the artist.

Talk at FLUL

Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa. With José Miranda Justo, Cláudia Pestana and Isabel Alves. It included the projection of images of Ernesto de Sousa and his work.

Launch of the catalogue of the exhibition "O teu Corpo é o meu Corpo – Coleção de Cartazes de Ernesto de Sousa"

The first edition ran out at the end of 2015. The second edition was released in February 2016.

Exhibition "Decorativo, apenas? Júlio Pomar e a integração das Artes"

Atelier-Museu Júlio Pomar, Lisbon, May 5th to September 4th de Setembro, 2016. Curated by Catarina Rosendo.
Loan of drawings and photographs of Júlio Pomar's mural for Cinema Batalha, destroyed during Salazar's dictatorship.

Photography, User's Manual

This album, edited by Delfim Sardo and with texts by the editor,, Emília Tavares and Sérgio Mah includes in pages 60 yo 63 photographs by Ernesto de Sousa, and small texts by Emília Tavares, Margarida Medeiros e João Pinharanda..

Exhibition "Pliure. Prologue (La Part du Feu)"

Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Paris, January 30th to April 12th, 2015.
Loan of the work La Recherche sur L'Origine by Robert Filliou (1974).

The 1.000.052nd Anniversary of Art

Círculo de Artes Plásticas de Coimbra, January 17th, 2015.
Celebration of the Anniversary of Art.

Exhibition "Paperworks II, Beyond Drawing"

Galeria Belo-Galsterer, Lisbon, January to March, 2015. The gallery promoted a conversation between Mariana Pinto dos Santos and Margarida Medeiros at the 28th of February, 2015.
Loan of works by Ernesto de Sousa which integrated the collective exhibition.

B.A. thesis by Julia ​Psilitelis

Ernesto de Sousa Collages in German Art Publications: A Comparative Analysis, Integrated Cultural Studies, JP Jacobs University Bremen.

Conference on Ernesto de Sousa

ESAD, Caldas da Rainha, October 30th, 2014. With Isabel Alves, Marta Galvão Lucas, Catarina Câmara Pereira and Luísa Soares de Oliveira. Presentation of This Is My Body Nr. 4.

Exhibition "A Vanguarda Está em Ti"

Círculo de Artes Plásticas de Coimbra, October 11th, 2013 to January 25th, 2014.
On the back of the poster of this exhibition was reproduced a text by Ernesto de Sousa, which lent its title to the exhibition.

First Raum Artistic Residency

From the 1st to the 14th of October. In partnership with the Terceiro Direito association in order to develop the online residency "A digital archive for Ernesto de Sousa: The visitor's profile", by Ana Baliza. www.raum.pt/en/cemes

Túlia Saldanha retrospective

CAM, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, June 5th to September 28th, 2014. Curated by Rita Fabiana and Liliana Coutinho.
Loan of photographic documents, objects and texts, many of them reproduced in the exhibition catalog.

Exhibition "A Liberdade da Imagem 1974-1986. Design e Comunicação Visual em Portugal"

Casa-Museu Guerra Junqueiro, Oporto, May 29th to September 26th. Curated by José Bártolo.
Loan of documents relative to "Alternativa Zero" for the exhibition and for reproduction in the exhibition journal.

Edition of photography and text album

Ernesto de Sousa: O Teu Corpo É O Meu Corpo (1965-1975), editing and text by Paula Pinto, Oporto, May 2014. The book presents unpublished poems and photographs, blow-ups, proof sheets (1972-1975), a poster (1978) and a text by the editor "O pensamento em imagens".

Exhibition "Ernesto de Sousa and Popular Art – Around the exhibition 'Barristas e Imaginários'"

International Arts Center José de Guimarães, Guimarães, April 26th to July 6th, 2014.
Commissioned by Nuno Faria, with assistance by João Covita.
Presentation of the catalog "Ernesto de Sousa e a Arte Popular" with a debate on his work. Participants included Nuno Faria, João de Sousa Cardoso, Liz Vahia and Paula Pinto. From the audience it's worthwhile mentioning the intervention of the sculptor Alberto Carneiro.

"Artes Plásticas, Teatro e Cinema em Contexto Revolucionário – 25 de Abril Sempre" program

Cinemateca Portuguesa-Museu do Cinema, Lisbon, April 2014.
Screening of Fernando Curado Matos' film on "Alternativa Zero" (Super 8, 40', 1977).

Exhibition "A Revolução Tem de Estar Perto"

Círculo de Artes Plásticas de Coimbra, March 15th to April 9th, 2014. Curated by José Bártolo.
Loan of the installation Olympia and of documentation on the relationship between Ernesto de Sousa and Ciclo de Artes Plásticas.

Research on fluxus by Sónia Pina

Researcher developing a thesis on the Fluxus movement with Ken Friedman as academic advisor, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of NOVA University of Lisbon.
Loan of fluxus documents.

Documentary on Cooperativa do Espectador

Support to the research of Daniela Lapa, a master degree student of Film and Television Directing at Escola Superior Artística do Porto (Prof. António Preto), for the development of a small documentary on Cooperativa do Espectador.

Doctoral dissertation by João Rafael Gomes

A Produção Textual de Ernesto de Sousa sobre Arte e Património, Portuguese Studies/ Book history and Text Criticism, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of NOVA University of Lisbon.

Master's thesis by Teresa Oliveira Almeida

É Hasteada a Bandeira do Novo Cinema Português: Ernesto de Sousa e Dom Roberto, Catholic University of Portugal, Lisbon.

Projecto Sociedade: Exhibition "Arquivo"

Galeria Fernando de Azevedo, SNBA, June 2nd, 2013. Curated by Frederico Duarte and Nuno Faria. 
Participation in "Um século em 24 horas", a series of interviews that integrated the exhibition.

​Franklim Vilas Boas seen by Ernesto de Sousa

Donation to the National Museum of Ethnology of 17 sculptures by Franklim Vilas Boas and photographic documentation by Ernesto de Sousa showing his encounters with the sculptor's work and the making of some of his pieces. These pieces are now shown on the museum's permanent exhibition.

Exhibition "Are You Still Awake?"

MNAC – Museu do Chiado, December 13th, 2012 to March 30th, 2013. Curated by Emília Tavares.
Presentation of Revolution My Body Nr. 2.

"Revisiting Ernesto de Sousa in Kassel" workshop

Curator's Lab, ASA Factory, Guimarães Capital of Culture, November 28th to December 1st, 2012. Organized by António Contador and Filipa Ramos.
Loan of 150 slides relative to "Documenta 5".

Exhibition "Documenting Dom Roberto"

Cinemateca Portuguesa-Museu do Cinema, Lisbon, November 2nd to December 3rd, 2012; Centro para os Assuntos da Arte e Arquitectura (CAAA), Guimarães Capital of Culture, June 2012.
Dom Roberto was exhibited at the Cinemateca at November 27th, and at the CAAA at June 16th.
Collaboration on the selection of documents from the estate contemporary to the production, direction and premiere of the film.

Master's thesis by Inês da Silva Teixeira Alves

Relações entre o cinema Neo-realista italiano e os filmes portugueses: Nazaré, Dom Roberto e Os Verdes Anos, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of NOVA University of Lisbon, and Università degli Studi di Bergamo.
Research support.

"Arquivo AUNG #1" exhibition by Paulo T. Silva

experimentadesign 2011, former courthouse of Boa-Hora, Lisbon, November 2011.
Public conversation at November 3rd, 2011, with the participation of Isabel Alves.
Loan of documents: posters made in 1969 by Carlos Gentil and Ernesto de Sousa for Almada, Um Nome de Guerra, an interview by Carlos Morais to Ernesto de Sousa and photographs of pages from the project's notebook.

Open class on the theme "Oralidade, Futuro da Arte"

Faculty of Fine-Arts, University of Porto, May 26th, 2011. Led by Isabel Alves.

Digital archive of the exhibitions at Galeria Quadrum

Organized by the historians and curators Catarina Rosendo and Lígia Afonso.
Loan of photographs of exhibitions by Ernesto de Sousa at Galeria Quadrum.

Master's thesis by Francisco Pessanha de ​Meneses

Espaço espanto: para um estudo sobre "O Gebo e a Sombra" (1966), History, archaeology and arts department, Faculty of Letters, University of Coimbra.

Master's thesis by Nélia Patrícia dos Santos Zacarias

In[corpo]ro: a percepção multissensorial na criação artística, University of Aveiro. Focuses on the artistic production of Lygia Clark, Hélio Oiticica e Ernesto de Sousa.


Galeria Diferença, Lisbon, November 17th to February 10th, 2011.
Loan of three artist books by Ernesto de Sousa.

Master's thesis by Susana Sá

Conservation and Restoration, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of NOVA University of Lisbon.
Loan of the work "Viúva Negra ou Viúva Man Ray" and of an untitled work by João Vieira for the case study of this master's student.

Exhibition "SUROESTE"

MEIAC, Badajoz, March 2010. Commissioned by Luis Gaspar.
Leding of magazines, program and photographs of the San Carlos cinema in Madrid, with reproductions of the panels by Almada Negreiros.

"Da Visão ao Prego. Arquivos e Biografias Curatoriais no Seminário"

Communication by Luísa Especial, integrated in the seminar "Biographic Approaches, Memory, Life Stories" organized by Idalina Conde in February, 2009.
From the recent publication of A Brief History of Curating, by Hans Ulrich Obrist, the emblematic cases of Harald Szeeman and Ernesto de Sousa were approached. Some expressive manifestations of biographical and autobiographical outlines were covered through the legacies that constitute both archives in the form of books, diaries, interviews and exhibitions.

Master's thesis by Lénia Oliveira

Dom Roberto: da Ficção Narrativa (quase) inédita ao Fenómeno Cinematográfico, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of NOVA University of Lisbon.

Master's thesis by João Rafael Gomes

Inéditos de Ernesto de Sousa sobre Arte e Estética, Literary Studies/Text Edition, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of NOVA University of Lisbon.

Master's thesis by Raquel Cristina de Sousa ​Pires

O Zero Inicial, o Entendimento do Sensível na Produção Artística de Ernesto de Sousa, Communication and Art department, University of Aveiro.

Master's thesis by Patrícia A. Trindade Filipe

Alternativa Um, Curatorial Studies, Faculty of Fine-Arts, University of Lisbon.

"Os Verdes Anos do Cinema Português"

São Paulo, August 2008. With the support from the Consulate General of Portugal in Brazil, through Instituto Camõe and with the sponsorship of Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil.
Loan of the film Dom Roberto.

Anthological exhibition by José M. Rodrigues

Palácio da Inquisição, Évora, July 2008.
The exhibition focused on works made from 1972 onwards, the year José Rodrigues became acquainted with Ernesto de Sousa.
Loan of a Lettera 22 typewriter owned by Ernesto de Sousa.

Grant Application

Grant for projects of Recovery, Treatment and Organization of Documental Archives of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, May 2008.
CEMES applied for the grant proposing the treatment of photographic slides belonging to the mixed media Almada, Um Nome de Guerra and Luíz Vaz 73. The projected was rejected.

Legal constitution of CEMES

Lisbon, May 2008.
Formalization of the non-profit association, Centro de Estudos Multidisciplinares Ernesto de Sousa (CEMES). Staff: direction: Isabel Alves (president), Cristina T. Mota and Emília Tavares; general assembly: Aida Tavares (president), Maria Nobre Franco, Marco Reixa; fiscal council: Miguel Honrado (president), José Miranda Justo and Francisco Janes.

Conference on mixed media by Ricardo Nicolau

Integrated in the program of the exhibition "A Theater Without Theater", Berardo Collection Museum, Lisbon, February 2008.
There were screenings of Nós não Estamos Algures (Ernesto de Sousa, 1969), a documentary about O Encontro do Guincho (Ernesto de Sousa and Noronha da Costa, 1969) and Rotura (Ana Hatherly, 1977).

Celebration of the 15th Anniversary of the Ernesto de Sousa Fellowship

Espaço Avenida 211, Lisbon, January 15th to 19th, 2018.
Launching of the book 15 Anos da Bolsa Ernesto de Sousa and a vast program of installations, concerts and performances.

Exhibition "Júlio Pomar e a Experiência Neo-realista"

Museum of Neo-Realism, Vila Franca de Xira, 2008.
Loan of 17 drawings by Júlio Pomar.

Master's thesis by José Oliveira

A Fotografia e o Fotográfico em Ernesto de Sousa, Contemporary Art History, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of NOVA University of Lisbon.

A Tradição Como Aventura

Inaugural exhibition of the Berardo Collection Museum, Lisbon, June 2007. Commissioned by Jean-François Chougnet.
Loan of the installation A Tradição como Aventura by Ernesto de Sousa.

"Alternativa Zero: trinta anos depois" conference program

Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva Foundation, Lisbon, June 28th to 30th, 2007. Commissioned by Paulo do Vale, with the participation of Delfim Sardo, João Vieira, André Gomes, Clara Menéres, Emília Tavares, Melo e Castro, Luís Serpa, Margarida Medeiros, Nuno Faria, Ricardo Nicolau, Pedro Proença, Emanuel Dimas Pimenta and Luís Silva.
Part of the program was a concert of pieces by Jorge Peixinho performed by Grupo de Música Contemporânea de Lisboa and a projection of the film Alternativa Zero.
Research support and loan of documents.

Suite for Dom Roberto by Bernardo Sassetti

Cineclube de Faro, Maio, 2007
A request by Cineclube de Faro, marking its 50th anniversary and the Bernardo Sassetti Trio's 10th anniversary. It premiered in Faro. In a similar way to Dom Roberto (which was produced in 1962 with funds collected by Cooperativa do Espectador, explicitly constituted for that effect within the film society movement of the time) 44 years later the Cineclube de Faro released a public subscription among its associates which covered the costs of this musical piece.
Loan of the film.

Manuel Ribeiro de Pavia book

Texts by João Paulo Cotrim and José Luís Porfírio, Câmara Municipal de Mora, 2007.
Research support and loan of drawings by Pavia for reproduction. In this occasion was found a text accompanied by photographs which were meant to be included in an unpublished book by Ernesto de Sousa on Colecção Artis, similar to others he had written on the Neo-Realism movement and Júlio Pomar.

Fluxus magazine

By Ana de Sousa, Mª Felisbela da Silva Carvalho, Mª Isabel Monge, Mª Leonor Teixeira and Mariana Conduto in the context of the Master Degree in Design and Visual Culture – Typography Studies at IADE. Designer Paulo T. Silva as academic advisor.
Research support and loan of documents.

Master's thesis by Cláudia Pestana

From the outside in: Ernesto de Sousa, a practice of difference, Curating Contemporary Art, Final Dissertation, Royal College, London.
Research support.

If it is not art, what is it? Artistic collaborations between Ernesto de Sousa and Wolf Vostell, by Tânia Saraiva

If it is not art, what is it? Artistic collaborations between Ernesto de Sousa and Wolf Vostell

Tânia Saralva, in review Margens e Confluências nr, 10, published by . Escola Superior Artística do Porto - extension of Guimarães.

If it is not art, what is it? Artistic collaborations between Ernesto de Sousa and Wolf Vostell

Documentary-film Lisboa, Cidade Triste e Alegre

By Luís Camanho. Premiere at Gulbenkian at May 23rd, 2005.
Loan of images from the film Dom Roberto.

Exhibition "Almada/Gomes de la Serna"

Museo de la Ciudad de Madrid, 2004; and Palácio das Galveias, Lisbon. Organized by Bedeteca and Luís Gaspar.
Loan of documents about the work of Almada in Madrid and the cinema San Carlos (photographs, program, invitation and magazine).

Post-graduate thesis by Miguel Proença

Ernesto de Sousa e Nuno Calvet – Destabilização da Referência. Photography Studies, IADE.

Exhibition "A evidência do desenho: O desenho na arte portuguesa"

São Paulo, 2003. Commissioned by Bernardo Pinto de Almeida.
Loan of drawings by Lima de Freitas.

Book on the photography of Ernesto de Sousa by Emília Tavares

Unpublished book.
Research support

Master's thesis by Isabel Albuquerque

Influências e Interferências do Desenho de Alternativa Zero à Perspectiva: Alternativa Zero 1977-1997, Faculty of Fine-Arts, University of Lisbon.
Research support.

Master's thesis by Mariana Pinto dos Santos

Percurso teórico de Ernesto de Sousa – Vanguarda & Outras Loas, Contemporary Art History, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences of NOVA University of Lisbon.
Research support.
This thesis was published in 2008 by the Assírio & Alvim. 

Metamorfoses da Arte Popular: Joaquim de Vasconcelos, Vergílio Correia e Ernesto de Sousa.

Article by João Leal. Research support.

"A propósito dos 25 anos da Alternativa Zero e de Ernesto de Sousa" conference program

Faculty of Fine-Arts, University of Lisbon, March 6th to May 8th, 2002. Organized by the students João Seguro, Carlos Lérias Simões, Daniel Figueiredo and Inês Mota. With the participation of Manuel Villaverde Cabral, Miguel Wandschneider, Bragança de Miranda, João Vieira, Alberto Carneiro, Alexandre Melo, Carlos Vidal, José A. Fernandes Dias, João Pinharanda, Mariana Santos, Ricardo Nicolau, Ana Hatherly, João Fernandes, Miguel Leal, Rui Eduardo Paes, Delfim Sardo, Pedro Cabrita Reis and Fernando Calhau.
Research support and loan of documents.

Seminar by Thierry de Duve

In the context of the Curatorship Course of the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Lisbon and the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.
Loan of 200 photographic slides on Kassel "Documenta 5".

Exhibition "Portugueses en El Museu Vostell, y qué hace usted ahora?"

Museu Vostell Malpartida, Malpartida de Cáceres, March 30th to July 10th, 2001.
With Helena Almeida, José Barrias, Irene Buarque, Alberto Carneiro, José Carvalho, José Conduto, Monteiro Gil, Joana Rosa, António Palolo, Túlia Saldanha, Julião Sarmento, Ernesto de Sousa and João Vieira.
Loan of works from the series Esse Ouro Dantes by Ernesto de Sousa.

Exhibition "Arte de Vanguarda no Porto – Anos 60-70"

Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art, Oporto, January to April, 2001.
Loan of the poster and of the program of Desperta e Canta and O Gebo e Canta, two theater plays directed by Ernesto de Sousa at Teatro Experimental do Porto, and of eight sculptures by Franklin.

Article by Isabel Albuquerque

"Alternativa Zero", Arte Teoria, nr. 2, 2001.
Research support and loan of documents.

Meeting around Ernesto de Sousa, Revolution My Body

Caldeira 213, Oporto, November to December, 2000. Conference program organized by João Sousa Cardoso.
Research support and loan of documents.

Exhibition "Mais Tempo, Menos História"

Serralves Foundation, Oporto, 1996. Commissioned by João Fernandes.
Loan of the installation The Promised Land by Ernesto de Sousa.

Exhibition "Desenhos de Júlio Pomar – Colecção Ernesto de Sousa"

Biblioteca Municipal de Vila Franca de Xira, October 1998. Organized by Associação Promotora do Museu do Neo-Realismo.
Loan of 48 drawings.

Ernesto de Sousa retrospective "Revolution My Body"

Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, March 5th to April 26th, 1998. Commissioned by Helena de Freitas and Miguel Wandschneider.
Documental and research support, loan of 800 photographic slides for João Paulo Feliciano's installation Revolution My Mind, integrated in this exhibition.

Exhibition "Perspectiva: Alternativa Zero"

Serralves Foundation, Oporto, 1997. Commissioned by João Fernandes.
Documental and research support, loan of works for the exhibition.

Exhibition "James Lee Byars: The Palace of Perfect"

Serralves Foundation, Oporto, 1997.
Loan of photographic documentation of James Lee Byers' performances at Kassel "Documenta 5", for the exhibition catalog.

Anthological exhibition of Manuel Ribeiro de Pavia

Casa da Cultura de Mora and Galeria de Exposições Augusto Cabrita in Seixal, July 8th to 31st, 1996.
Loan of drawings by Pavia.

Exhibition "O Cartaz / Comunicação: da Colecção de Ernesto de Sousa"

Santarém, 1996. Organized by Pedro Canavarro.
Loan of two hundred posters.

Exhibition "Onde Mora o Franklin?"

Ethnology Museum, Lisbon, December 1995 to March 1996. Commissioned by Joaquim Paes de Brito. Anthological exhibition of Franklin Vilas-Boas Neto.
Research and loan of 17 sculptures from Ernesto de Sousa's collection.

Almada, A Cena do Corpo

Cultural Center of Belém, Lisbon, September 1995.
Research support.

Almada, Um Nome de Guerra

CAM, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon; Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon and University of Évora, 1995.
Restaging of the mixed media by Ernesto de Sousa.

Mistérios de Lisboa

Screening of videos by Ernesto de Sousa. In collaboration with Augusto M. Seabra and the Saldanha Monumental 95 association.

Photographic inventory of the estate

350 neorealist drawings from the Ernesto de Sousa estate were photographed by Associação Promotora do Museu do Neo-Realismo. Photographs and inventory by Ana Margarida Martins.

Master's thesis by Eduardo Camilo

Universidade da Beira Interior.
Research support and loan of posters from the 25th of April 1974.

Exhibition "Pomar – Dessins des Années 40 – Collection Ernesto de Sousa"

Residence André Gouveia, Maison du Portugal, Paris, June 8th to 15th, 1993, and Museum of Neo-Realism, Vila Franca de Xira. Commissioned by the architect José Sommer.
Loan of 46 drawings by Júlio Pomar.

Exhibition "Desenhos de Júlio Pomar – Colecção Ernesto de Sousa"

Federação da Área Urbana de Lisboa do Partido Socialista (FAUL), Lisbon, December 1992.
Loan of 46 drawings by Júlio Pomar.

Academic research by Miguel Wandschneider

"The relationship between the film society movement and the State during Salazarism", ISCTE, University of Lisbon, July 1992. Research support.

Exhibition "Ernesto de Sousa"

Goethe-Institut, Lisbon, February 1992; travelled to Coimbra and Porto. Commissioned by Gisela Rosenthal. Part of the German Photography – Portuguese Photography program.
Research support and loan of works by Ernesto de Sousa: Olympia, This is My Body and the complete series of Este Ouro Dantes. The exhibition catalog includes texts by the commissioner and Delfim Sardo.

Exhibition "Beuys and Girls"

Galeria Monumental, Lisbon, April 1990. Commissioned by José Oliveira.
Loan of artist books from the mail-art network (Commonpress, Guy Bleus, António Ferro, Artestudio, among others).